Home of the glorious Golden Temple, the iconic city of Amritsar, portrays the heroic character of the Punjab. A day in this peaceful city starts with the spiritual prayers from Gurudwaras. The original name of first the ancient lake, then of the temple complex, and later the surrounding city, meaning "pool of ambrosial nectar."
Amritsar is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh Religion. Baisakhi festival brings out Amritsar's resplendent face with its finest food, clothes and merry-making. This place is also famous for its Jallianwala Bagh massacre and its proximity to Wagah Border. The satiating food and generous dollops of legendary Punjabi hospitality further connive to cast a spell upon the visitor. From the Operation Blue Star in the Golden Temple to the tragedy of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Amritsar has seen the worst of situations and yet emerged like a phoenix through testing times. Amritsar today is a thriving city with active trade and tourism industries. One of the most agriculturally productive cities of India, Amritsar is well connected with most of the important cities of India.
History Of Amritsar
Amritsar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar which was built by Guru Ram Das in the village of Tung. Guru Ram Das believed that the waters of the lake had healing powers. The land was bought by him for a small amount of 700 rupees, and a temple complex was built around it. Gradually, the village developed and came to be known as Chakk Ram Das which finally became Amritsar that translates to pool of nectar.
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Religious Places in Amritsar
Amritsar is a very important religious centre for Hindus and Sikhs. The many temples and Gurudwaras include Gurdwara Manji Sahib, Akal Takht, Shivala Bhaian Temple, Gurdwara Bebaaksar Sahib, Gurdwara Bir Baba Budha, Tala Sahib Gurudwara and the Gopal mandir.
Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
One of the most tragic incidents in Colonial India occurred at the Jalianwala Bagh on 13th April 1919. Farmers from various villages had gathered here, unaware of a new law that banned meetings among locals. Suspecting a protest, the British officials under Colonel Reginald Dyer opened fire in the area and created a havoc situations. Many were killed by the bullets, many in the stampede and many others jumped into a nearby well in an attempt to save themselves. The death toll is believed to be 379. The pace still has bullet marks and blood stains in and around the well.
Restaurants and Local Food in Amritsar
Amritsar houses some of the finest, richest and most finger-licious food in the country. The food here is as popular and essential as any of the other tourist spots in the area. Amritsari Kulcha, Lassi, Amritsari Fish, Chicken Tikka, Tandoori Chicken and a hot Gulab Jamun are some of Amritsar's delectable choices. You might also find spicier versions of food from other areas garnished with a generous helping of Ghee . At the same time, the city which is known for its food, provides countless options and variety for authentic cuisines.